The first purpose of Persepolis written by Marjane Satrapi is to convince the readers of the covered truth in the history of Iran. Reminding the readers the serious restriction in people’s religious beliefs, the author names the first chapter with a subtle meaning. The chapter one, “The Veil”, which is the system in Islamic countries that women must cover their hair in public, also conveys the hidden truth about the belligerent attitude of Iranians that the world knows. To erase this negatively presented image of the entire nation, the author expresses all her actual thoughts as a child in an authentic language. Her consistent beautiful attempt to change the country is conveyed by her ambition to be a next prophet. The strange ambition sarcastically highlights how people views religion. Also, the God in the author’s imagination which depicts the God as her friend reflects her inward thinking which can be generalized to the religious views of the most Iranians that their images should be destroyed by a few people with a wrong belief in religion.
As a sequence of art about which McCloud talks in the first chapter, comics make use of the nature of the readers’ perception. People can connect the relationship of the story between panels. Comic writers’ job is to determine how much the readers have to work to relate those contents in each frame. Some writers move from one frame to others within a little elapsed time of the story. However, others leave a big gap of event and let the readers use their own experiences to put each part together. The differences in transitions in comics are categorized into six distinct types as discussed in the chapter three. These several types are used to analyze comics by noticing the proportions of each category of transitions in comics. Learning these progressions separates the unique characteristics of western and eastern comics. The distinctive sequence styles lead to the understanding of the different cultures created from how people from many places appreciate comics.
David Small’s Stitches sends a message about the author’s awful childhood to the readers through its theme created by motifs. The author introduces a motif to reflect what he believes in the early scene and repeats it much later. A fetus in the tube scares him when he leaves his mother to play alone in a hospital in the age of six and once again in a restroom when he is eleven. The author employs this fetus to symbolize himself as an angry creature mistreated by his parents. The idea of looking inward provided when he sees himself as a baby in his own neck and told again through his dream, the next primary motif. The author experiences the loneliness and his vulnerability throughout his dreams. He personifies a bat as himself finding a safety place that can protect him from rain. The author draws a dream as a symbol which represents the real insides of humans even if it is fictitious and seems meaningless it has a message in the context of people’s lives. The author, instead of explaining his opinion about his life directly, employs repeated symbols to let the readers to construct their own understandings before he express his views in the end where he lets his images draw his conclusion that can highlight the idea of looking at himself.
With the various kinds of comics, authors contribute to their drawing styles differently to support the content of the stories. Many writers pay attention to a lot details, filling their graphic novels with glorious images. However, some of them choose the opposite choice, scribbling all over panels without many spoons of details but impressively directing the readers to the story themes. Despite the slovenliness, David’s Stitches successfully attracts the readers to be a part of his memory. The readers feel as if they were Davis because of the simplicity of painting which broadened its impact on the readers. While influencing the readers with its simple drawing style, it clearly presents the deep gloom of David’s story. All the strange experiences in his childhood are played in gray hue. The deepened tone intensifies the gravity of David’s feeling which the readers perceive to scare the readers with the peculiar events in his life made as a fairy tale to inform the readers that it teaches them with the serious moral unfold in the end of the story. In addition to the artistic choice which plays a tremendous role in shaping a scene, the specific names appearing on occasion provide the readers with a noteworthy meaning. Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita gives the readers a clue about pop culture at the time. David reveals his own tastes about sex when he shows the name of the controversial novel in the 20th century. As text that appears in the story usually has some meanings, the readers should notice and make information of them. Directly presenting words is a popular technique employed by a handful of writers. Contributed to content, these artistic style and trope altogether highlight the components that give the direction to the readers as a tool of reaching the right purpose of graphic novels.
Since people’s behaviors vary according to where they live, pleasant environments enhance the quality of their lives. However, many people cannot avoid such environments because of the general surrounding of cities they live in. A certain characteristic of a family too results from what members are exposed to as David’s family presents to the readers. The strikingly gloomy landscape of Detroit, where David grew up, depicts the boring urban lifestyle in the hometown where every house looks the same. As the images impress the readers with unhappiness of the story, the drawing style also have a tremendous role in highlighting the seriousness of his family. The graphics affect how the readers foresee the problem of the protagonist. Exposed to the pollution from the plant nearby the village, David’s parents and brother are furious, venting their anger by hitting objects. However, in the beginning, the author makes an argument by presenting opposite plot. The kindness of Elizabeth toward her son is left mysterious amid the offensiveness of the whole family and even herself. The answer could be clear in the later scene and argue that surrounding is not the only factor affecting people’s behavior.
What people think of jazz music would be improvisation. People practicing music know that they have to master instruments to the certain level to be able to improvise, but on the way to such achievement they, at least once, might hear the myth from some charlatans like, “Improvisation is improvisation. Don’t think. Don’t prepare.” However, the story of Bud Freeman, a Jazz musician, clearly explains to the readers that, “True improvisation comes out of hard work…Since it’s in your head, it comes out when you play.” This statement, even if it does not sound special, has a big impact to the readers who are interested in music and awkwardly perform crummy licks because a creative wonderful piece of improvisation results from hard working. Musicians will be able to express themselves through improvisation by practicing. That is why jazz always new to them and Freeman. When people stop thinking that their jobs are chores, they enjoy what they do and create lifestyles from their own characters. Freeman says that, “I do what I want because I want to do it… We can only please the audience doing what we do. We have to please ourselves first.” Unlike most of interviewees who complain about their jobs, only people working for pleasure achieve their chosen profession. Just as people think that working is reward, freedom leads them to understand their own being and thinking.